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World Health Crisis: mankind at stake from many Antibiotic resistant bacteria

A world health crisis is looming as many bacteria are now antibiotic resistant.

Bacteria that were once controlled by antibiotics are now becoming resistant to antimicrobial drugs. In other words, a cure we once had for many sicknesses are no longer effective. The bacteria strains that make these health problems are now immune to the available antibiotics out there on Earth. The World Health Organization has listed twelve families of bacteria and some can be fatal. Now there is a race to create new antibiotics for these renegade bacteria before the world suffers a plague.

These bacteria are now resistant to many forms of antibiotics. What is alarming is that these bacteria can pass along material to other bacteria. This will make the other bacteria that were passed the material also resistant to these antibiotics. Now these out of control pathogens can have the credibility to cause chaos in the world of health as more solved issues in the world of health are now unsolved once again.

The WHO’s (World Health Organization) solution is to convince nations to incentivize private sector and public funded organizations to discover new antibiotics for these rebel bacteria. However, this may be a toddler step towards success as this situation has been briefly mentioned in the news months ago.

There is a sense of urgency for this situation. As bacteria become more resistant the gas tank of treatment options are running on empty. In addition, the private sector may not save the day in time for humanity, especially if there is no profit.

Among the diseases and sicknesses caused by these high priority pathogens that are now resistant to antibiotics are Gonorrhea and food caused salmonella poisoning. Strep throat, Chlamydia and tuberculosis are also becoming resistant but are not included in the family of twelve because they are registered under other programs in the World Health Organization. Also the resistance that Chlamydia, strep throat and tuberculosis have on antibiotics is minimal.

The population is at risk. It can be deadly. It will be inconvenient. Many of the bacteria listed by the World Health Organization are found in hospitals and nursing homes. These bacteria can cause infections from blood catheters and ventilators. It can cause severe infection and possibly death.  The World Health Organization is now calling for an appropriate use of antibiotics, a better rationing of new antibiotics and a better emphasis on infection control.

world health crisis

Below is a list of 12 bacteria that are public enemy number one and priority pathogens to the world of health.

These bacteria are immune to antibiotics listed by the World Health Organization:

1) Acinetobacter baumannii – A bactera that is routed from hospitalized patients’ sputum, urine, secretions and wounds. This bacteria is said to colonize intravenous solutions and irrigating solutions. It can also cause infection in organ transplant patients. Also, A baumanni can cause nosocomial pneumonia and nosocomial meningitis. It is labeled as critical by the WHO (World Health Organization).  This bacteria is often associated with Iraq War veterans of the United States Army, as many soldiers return home with this heath issue.

2) Pseudomonas aeruginosa – A bacteria found in hospitalized patients that can be deadly. It occurs in patients with a weak immune system. This can infect your blood and give you pneumonia. The infections associated with Pseudomonas aeruginosa occur after surgery. People on breathing tubes and catheters are at risk of being infiltrated by these bacteria. The infections regarding Pseudomonas aeruginosa with its health effects are: pneumonia, endocarditis (heart infection), meningitis and brain abscess. In addition, this bacteria is associated with infections dealing with the skin, eye, ears, bones and GI tract. It is labeled as critical by the WHO (World Health Organization).

3) Enterobacteriaceae – Another bacteria labeled as critical and associated with salmonella, strains of e. coli and other bacteria.

4) Enterococcus faecium – A bacteria associated with nosocomial infections, surgical wound infection, endocarditis, and urinary tract infections.

5) Staphylococcus aureus- Related with infections frequently found in the nose, respiratory tract, and on the skin. It can be puss filled at sometimes and if not managed it can end up in the blood stream.

6) Helicobacter pylori – These germs can enter your body and live in your digestive tracts causing ulcers in your stomach and small intestine.

7) Campylobacter spp – A food borne pathogen that can cause infection and serious neurological issues.

8) Salmonellae- A food borne associated pathogen.

9) Neisseria gonorrhoeae- Affectionately known as the clap, this bacteria manifest into a sexually transmitted disease that was once curable but now out of control.

10) Streptococcus pneumonia – Common cause for pneumonia and bronchitis.

11) Haemophilus influenzae – An opportunistic pathogen that can cause additional problems when infections and other medical inconveniences occur.

12) Shigella spp- Another food borne associated pathogen.

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Sources:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acinetobacter_baumannii

http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/releases/2017/bacteria-antibiotics-needed/en/

http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/236891-overview

https://www.cdc.gov/hai/organisms/pseudomonas.html

http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/226748-overview

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enterobacteriaceae

https://microbewiki.kenyon.edu/index.php/Enterococcus_faecium

http://www.health.state.mn.us/divs/idepc/diseases/staph/basics.html

http://www.webmd.com/digestive-disorders/h-pylori-helicobacter-pylori#1

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3180643/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Streptococcus_pneumoniae

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haemophilus_influenzae